During a 1968 biological survey of Marie Byrd Land Mount Prince was one of the few locations in Western Antarctica that was found to have all four forms of life the survey team was looking for: lichens, algae, mosses, and snow petrels. This can be attributed to the far northern location of the mountain, its relative proximity to the coastline, and the ease with which the survey team was able to ascend the butte.
In the follow-up surveys conducted in December 1990, there were more than 100 petrels identified at Mount Prince, but no indications that it serves as a location for a breeding colony.
Discovery and name
The mountain, and the entire Perry Range, was discovered and photographed from aircraft of the United States Antarctic Service during the 1939–41 season, and was mapped by United States Geological Survey from surveys and air photos collected over the years 1959-65. Mount Prince was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names in honor of ADR2 Joseph F. Prince, a U.S. Navy Aviation Machinist's Mate with Squadron VXE-6 who participated in several Operation Deep Freeze operations and wintered over at Little America V in 1956 and at McMurdo Station in 1966.