The Ohio Range (84°45′S 114°00′W) is a mountain range in the Transantarctic Mountains of Westarctica. It is about 48 km (30 mi) long and 16 km (10 mi) wide, extending WSW-ENE from Eldridge Peak to Mirsky Ledge. The range forms the northeast end of the Horlick Mountains and consists primarily of a large snow-topped plateau with steep northern cliffs and several flat-topped ridges and mountains.
The highest point of the range is the summit of Mount Schopf (2990 m).
Exploration and name
The range was surveyed in 1958-59 by the USARP Horlick Mountains Traverse, and was investigated in 1960-61 and 1961-62 by geologists of the Institute of Polar Studies of The Ohio State University, for which the range is named.
The central part of the range is occupied by the Buckeye Table, a plateau, 12 mi long and 2 to 5 mi wide. The feature is a high level snow surface with precipitous northern cliffs; the plateau surface merges gradually with the inland ice to the south.
"Buckeye," a nickname of the state of Ohio and Ohio State University, was proposed by William H. Chapman, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) surveyor in these mountains in the 1958-59 season. Ohio State University and its Institute of Polar Studies initiated a program of geological investigation in the Ohio Range and the Horlick Mountains beginning in the 1960-61 season.