| Empire of Atlantium |
|Official language(s)||English and Latin|
|Government||Elective constitutional monarchy|
|- Monarch||Emperor George II|
|- The First Consul||Vacant|
|Legislature||The Imperial Senate|
|Established||27 November 1981|
|Area claimed||0.76 km2 (0.29 sq mi)|
|Population||3,000 2018 Estimate|
The Empire of Atlantium is a micronation and secular, pluralist progressive lobby group based in New South Wales, Australia.
Micronations: The Lonely Planet Guide to Home-Made Nations described Atlantium in 2006 as "a refreshing antidote to the reactionary self-aggrandisement of so many micronations", and "an extremely sophisticated nation-state experiment, as well as an entirely serious claimant to legitimate statehood". The book's entry on Atlantium notes its espousal of "progressive, liberal policies" and characterises it as a "secular humanist utopia".
Atlantium was established in 1981 by three Sydney teenagers – George Cruickshank, Geoffrey Duggan and Claire Marie Coulter (née Duggan). The three claimed a 10 square meter (110 sq ft) "provisional territory" in the southern suburb of Narwee as Atlantium's first capital, and declared Cruickshank to be Sovereign head of state, with the title "Emperor George II". Geoffrey Duggan was elected as Prime Minister in 1982, serving until 1986. By 1990, the original group members had graduated from university and the group ceased to be active.
In 1999 Cruickshank purchased an apartment in the inner Sydney suburb of Potts Point, and soon after revived Atlantium, launching a website, which was instrumental in attracting new members. The 61 square meter (660 sq ft) apartment, known as the Imperium Proper, became the second capital of Atlantium. Concordia became the third capital of Atlantium on 12 January 2008, when the rural 0.76 square kilometer (0.29 sq mi) Province of Aurora, approximately 350 kilometers (220 mi) southwest of Sydney, was created.
In line with its claim to be a non-territorial state, Atlantium does not maintain any formal territorial claims; however, it does promote the idea that Cruickshank's apartment, and the Province of Aurora, have extraterritorial status.
Atlantium has appointed unaccredited diplomatic representatives called "Imperial Legates" in the United States, Pakistan, Poland, Brazil, India, Italy, Iran, Singapore, Serbia and Switzerland. The group had awarded Imperial Honours to various recipients, generally in recognition of political activism or for service to local communities.
Among the causes Atlantium supports are the right to unrestricted international freedom of movement, the right to abortion, the right to assisted suicide and decimal calendar reform.
War with Casbah
In December 2006, Travis McHenry resurrected the Kingdom of Casbah, his defunct micronation project based in rural Pennsylvania. This was done for the express purpose of waging a troll war against Atlantium and its leader, Emperor George II. The war consisted of a website devoted to insulting the Emperor and his nation as well as prolonged email exchanges of insults and threats between the two rulers.
After a few months, Travis gave up the war and quietly discontinued his involvement with Casbah. He later issued a formal apology to Emperor George and the two have since become friends.
The Province of Aurora covers 0.76km2 and has a fenced 4.5 km long perimeter. It is divided into four "administrative divisions", known as the District of Hickey (which occupies approximately half of Aurora's total area), the District of Duggan (which occupies the southern third of the province), Concordia Capital District (the only administrative division in which permanent human occupancy and development is permitted) and the Prefecture of Idalia (the renamed former Imperium Proper).
Concordia is the intended location of facilities to house Atlantium's legislature, government offices, museum, throne hall and commemorative monuments. Currently, it is the location of a single-storey residential and administrative building, several service structures, and two small man-made lakes. Aurora is also the site of a historic gold processing facility built and operated in the 1860s by Chinese immigrant miners.
The Atlantium website describes Aurora as Atlantium's "global administrative capital, ceremonial focal point and spiritual homeland".
Economy of Atlantium
Stamps, coins and banknotes were sold by Atlantium, which used a decimal currency system of 100 imperial centi to the imperial solidus.
The earliest documented media report referring to Atlantium is a 1984 philatelic magazine article about its cinderella stamp releases. There were 12 issues of Atlantian stamps.
The first coin minted by Atlantium was the 20th anniversary 10 solidi coin, which has a likeness of Emperor George as the obverse and the imperial eagle as the reverse. In 2011, a 30 solidi coin was issued to commemorate the 30th anniversary of Atlantium. The coin had the likeness of Emperor George on the obverse and the wedge-tailed eagle (Aquila audax) on the reverse and was struck in cupronickel and plated with 9 carat gold. Banknotes of Atlantium were denominated in imperial solidi (10, 25, 50 and 100 imperial solidi) and are currently divided into a 2006 series and a 2007 series.
As of October 2015, Atlantium had almost 3,000 citizens from over 100 countries. The website names individuals holding such functions as minister, director, magister and imperial legate. Atlantium said its citizenship does not supersede existing citizenships. Atlantians contend that they are all dual citizens and that Atlantium actively encourages its citizens to participate in the political processes of their resident countries.
In late 2016, Atlantium stopped accepting citizenship requests according to a reply posted on the official Facebook page. On 1 January 2018 the citizen application process was re-opened, charging a US$25 fee.